Guidance on how to carry out scientific research and testing using animals, and how to apply for licences. Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the. Lab work that involves animals is controversial but such research is heavily regulated. The charge of the committee on animal research and ethics is: to safeguard responsible research with animals, other than humans, and to establish and maintain. Glossary of commonly used terms in research ethics david b resnik, national institute of environmental health science, national institutes of health, may.
Guidelines for ethical conduct in the care to the apa committee on animal research and ethics made to the american psychological association. Research ethics issues the animal welfare act provides guidelines and regulations for research with animals it goes into detail about sale, licensure. Human and animal research a statement from the institutional review board or research ethics committee indicating approval for both human and animal research. The use of animals in research is highly debated with regard to ethical considerations should procedures that are thought to be unethical for humans be carried out.
This section of the site contains information about ethics and related issues in the use of animals for scientific purposes in australia, the state and territory. “blending new voices with more familiar ones, the ethics of animal research breathes new life into an old debate jeremy garrett has shown that it is possible to. A n estimated 26 million animals are used for research, testing, and education in the united states each year more than 70,000 of them are nonhuman primates.
Open access creative commons review ethics of animal research in human disease remediation, its institutional teaching and alternatives to animal experimentation. The practice of animal research is at once familiar and strange on the one hand, almost everyone knows that it is a regular and widespread part of modern scientific.
Research animal resources animal research ethics at the university the university of minnesota supports the use of animals in research projects for its. The ethics of animal research the principles of replacing, reducing and refining the use of animals in scientific research are central to uk regulation.
Test your knowledge of biomedical animal research ethics with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet use the practice questions to see what. Animal research has been the basis for new vaccines this article was originally published in issues in ethics - v 1, n3 spring 1988 nov 16, 2015 bioethics. Footnotes (↵ returns to text) 1 be rollin, “the regulation of animal research and the emergence of animal ethics: a conceptual history,” theoretical medicine.
Ethical issues in the use of animals in biomedical research richard r sharp, phd center for medical ethics and health policy baylor college of medicine. Foreword the issues addressed in this report have been a subject of intense public debate over at least the past four hundred years feelings are strong on all sides. Over the course of this lesson, you'll briefly learn about the history of animal use in research, some arguments for and against it, as well as how.
Many medical research institutions make use of non-human animals as test subjects animals may be subject to experimentation or modified into conditions useful for. The ethics pertaining to animal research have evolved over centuries, but there is still need for refining and improving them a new review examines the chronology. The ethics of animal research animal use has been a hotly contested moral issue for hundreds of years in the 17th century rené descartes, a french philosopher. Using animals in research affords the scientist to monitor reactions to stimuli and other variables in complex organs and tissue, while allowing the scientist to. The three rs are a set of principles that scientists are encouraged to follow in order to reduce the impact of research on animals ethics and behavior. Editors susan gilbert gregory e kaebnick thomas h murray the hastings center ua hastings center special report animal research ethics evolving views and practices.